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<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#1F497D">Hi All,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#1F497D"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#1F497D">If I had to guess, they are &#8216;verifying&#8217; that what the bots retrieve, is what the general public retrieve&#8230;<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top:12.0pt"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#1F497D">There have been many cases of over-eager SEO &#8216;Experts&#8217; dishing up one set of content to search bots, and then serving up something
 else to non-bot requests (e.g spam, malicious content&#8230;)<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#1F497D"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#1F497D">The only way to do that is to come in a second time, and have nothing &#8216;botlike&#8217; about the request, and compare the results.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#1F497D"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#1F497D">Cheers<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#1F497D"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#1F497D">Matt.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#1F497D"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">From:</span></b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"> eprints-tech-bounces@ecs.soton.ac.uk [mailto:eprints-tech-bounces@ecs.soton.ac.uk]
<b>On Behalf Of </b>Graham, Clinton T<br>
<b>Sent:</b> Tuesday, 26 July 2016 10:14 PM<br>
<b>To:</b> eprints-tech@ecs.soton.ac.uk<br>
<b>Subject:</b> Re: [EP-tech] Seeing unusually high downloads in IRStats<o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:black">The University of Pittsburgh opened ticket UCM000000270852 with Bing Webmaster Support last week regarding this and received the following response:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left:36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">Thank you for contacting Bing Webmaster Support. &nbsp;The activity you are seeing is most likely caused by one of our bots used for verifying your site
 rather than indexing your site as Bingbot does. &nbsp;These crawlers do not have the same UA, and are in place to make sure the verification aspects of your site are in place.<span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:black"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:black">Yesterday, we requested additional information on what &#8220;verification&#8221; really means, and describe the problem of conflating user-generated activity with bot-generated
 activity, especially for the scholarly publication process.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:black"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:black">I&#8217;ll reply again here if this support request goes anywhere, but perhaps others might be interested in similarly engaging Bing Webmaster Support?<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:black"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:black">Enjoy,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:black"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:black">- Clinton Graham<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:black">Systems Developer<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:black">University of Pittsburgh | University Library System<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:black">412-383-1057<o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color:black"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="EN-US">From:</span></b><span lang="EN-US"> <a href="mailto:eprints-tech-bounces@ecs.soton.ac.uk">
eprints-tech-bounces@ecs.soton.ac.uk</a> [<a href="mailto:eprints-tech-bounces@ecs.soton.ac.uk">mailto:eprints-tech-bounces@ecs.soton.ac.uk</a>]
<b>On Behalf Of </b>Coles, Elizabeth A. (Betsy)<br>
<b>Sent:</b> Monday, July 25, 2016 7:45 PM<br>
<b>To:</b> <a href="mailto:eprints-tech@ecs.soton.ac.uk">eprints-tech@ecs.soton.ac.uk</a><br>
<b>Subject:</b> [EP-tech] Seeing unusually high downloads in IRStats<o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color:#1F497D">Forwarding from JISC-REPOSITORIES list &#8211; we&#8217;ve been seeing this in California too, and our IRStats2 counts are through the roof for the last couple of weeks.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color:#1F497D"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color:#1F497D">Can anyone tell me how to filter out these robots in IRStats2?&nbsp; And how to clean the access file so that our irstats2 reports are not distorted by this deluge?&nbsp; I assume I&#8217;d want to delete all entries
 with a requester_id in the table below and rerun IRstats2 setup from scratch.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color:#1F497D"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color:#1F497D">Thanks,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color:#1F497D">Betsy Coles<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color:#1F497D">Caltech &#8211; Digital Library Development<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color:#1F497D"><a href="mailto:bcoles@caltech.edu">bcoles@caltech.edu</a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color:#1F497D"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="EN-US">From:</span></b><span lang="EN-US"> Repositories discussion list [<a href="mailto:JISC-REPOSITORIES@JISCMAIL.AC.UK">mailto:JISC-REPOSITORIES@JISCMAIL.AC.UK</a>]
<b>On Behalf Of </b>Hilary Jones<br>
<b>Sent:</b> Friday, July 15, 2016 3:43 AM<br>
<b>To:</b> <a href="mailto:JISC-REPOSITORIES@JISCMAIL.AC.UK">JISC-REPOSITORIES@JISCMAIL.AC.UK</a><br>
<b>Subject:</b> Seeing unusually high downloads in IRStats - IRUS-UK's explanation and why this isn't affecting IRUS-UK stats<o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB">Hi everyone,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB">There was a discussion, via UKCORR mailing list, on why there are exceptionally high downloads being seen this week in IRStats and what might be causing it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB">After some investigation we have found that the unusually high downloads are down to four IP ranges:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">IP range<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">Organisation<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">Location<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">No. IP addresses<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">103.25.156.*<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">Microsoft Bingbot<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">China<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">128<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">103.36.96.*<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">Microsoft Corporation<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">China<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">216<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">111.221.28.*<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">Microsoft Bingbot<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">China<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">256<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">202.89.235.*<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">Microsoft Bingbot<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal">China<o:p></o:p></p>
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<td width="160" valign="top" style="width:119.7pt;border-top:none;border-left:none;border-bottom:solid windowtext 1.0pt;border-right:solid windowtext 1.0pt;padding:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt">
<p class="MsoNormal">80<o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB">These IPs have been systematically trawling and downloading files from many UK repositories. Looking at their User Agent strings they do not declare themselves as bots but masquerade as normal users.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB">Happily, the IRUS-UK ingest has been filtering out these robotic downloads, so you won&#8217;t see a massive spike in your IRUS-UK stats.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB">We hope this is of help.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB">Best wishes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB">Hilary <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><a href="https://na01.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=http%3a%2f%2fwww.jisc.ac.uk%2f&amp;data=01%7c01%7cctgraham%40pitt.edu%7cc90cb3f4da52477f805508d3b4e65fe1%7c9ef9f489e0a04eeb87cc3a526112fd0d%7c1&amp;sdata=QO%2bCO4aO%2b4wNHbglnWa6s4IinzrhqbxzUGL5ieuMq5E%3d"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;;color:blue;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB;text-decoration:none"><img border="0" width="54" height="32" id="Picture_x0020_1" src="cid:image001.jpg@01D1E7E5.C998DAE0" alt="Jisc"></span></a><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Corbel&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#2C3841;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Hilary Jones</span></b><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><br>
</span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Corbel&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#2C3841;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Services and Projects Support</span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Corbel&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#2C3841;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">0161 413 7541<br>
Skype <a href="mailto:hilary.jones@jisc.ac.uk">hilary.jones@jisc.ac.uk</a><br>
Twitter @JonesHilaryJ<br>
6th Floor Churchgate House, 56 Oxford Street, Manchester, M1&nbsp; 6EU</span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Corbel&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#E85E12;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><a href="https://na01.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=http%3a%2f%2fwww.jisc.ac.uk%2f&amp;data=01%7c01%7cctgraham%40pitt.edu%7cc90cb3f4da52477f805508d3b4e65fe1%7c9ef9f489e0a04eeb87cc3a526112fd0d%7c1&amp;sdata=QO%2bCO4aO%2b4wNHbglnWa6s4IinzrhqbxzUGL5ieuMq5E%3d"><span style="color:#E85E12">jisc.ac.uk</span></a>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:8.0pt;font-family:&quot;Corbel&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;color:#2C3841;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Jisc is a registered charity (number 1149740) and a company limited by guarantee which is registered in England under Company No. 5747339,
 VAT No. GB 882 5529 90. Jisc&#8217;s registered office is: One Castlepark, Tower Hill, Bristol, BS2 0JA. T 0203 697 5800.
<a href="https://na01.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=http%3a%2f%2fwww.jisc.ac.uk%2f&amp;data=01%7c01%7cctgraham%40pitt.edu%7cc90cb3f4da52477f805508d3b4e65fe1%7c9ef9f489e0a04eeb87cc3a526112fd0d%7c1&amp;sdata=QO%2bCO4aO%2b4wNHbglnWa6s4IinzrhqbxzUGL5ieuMq5E%3d">
<span style="color:#E85E12">jisc.ac.uk</span></a></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<PRE>
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